Numerous factors contributed to this failure: chief among them a fundamental mismatch between the mandate and capacity of the mission.

The current mandate of the mission expires on 15 December. The UN Security Council (UNSC) is currently reviewing the possibility to extend it.

This raises several key questions. Would UNMISS be able to overcome the many hiccups it has experienced to effectively support the peace process beyond December? And, more importantly – would it continue with a similar mandate; or will the mission be empowered with an executive mandate of full capability?

The July crisis was ignited when armed fighting broke out between soldiers loyal to President Salva Kiir, and his former vice president, Riek Machar – who respectively lead the Sudanese People Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A – in government), and the SPLM/A – in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO). The crisis marked a grave violation of the peace agreement signed between the two leaders on 17 August 2015.