Widely known by the Swahili honorific title ‘Mwalimu’ – ‘Teacher’, Julius Nyerere is a true son of Africa, a Pan-Africanist, nationalist, charismatic orator, thinker and African statesman. A proponent of African unity, Mwalimu was also a founding member of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU).

Nyerere was also referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation) campaigned and he led an anti-colonial movement fighting for independence of Tanganyika.

Mwalimu became President of Tanzania after the unification of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, leading the country from 1964 to 1985. Nyerere stepped down as president in 1985 and was succeeded by Ali Hassan Mwinyi, but remained resolute in speaking on fundamental issues on corruption, poverty, and social development.

As we commemorate the legacy of Mwalimu Nyerere, we look at some his pictures.

Julius Nyerere as leader of the Legislative Council of Tanganyika. Photo Wiki Commons
Julius Nyerere as leader of the Legislative Council of Tanganyika. Photo Wiki Commons
U.S. President John Kennedy is shown with President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania as they stand at attention and listen to the national anthems of the United States and the country of Tanganyika. Photo: ANP
U.S. President John Kennedy is shown with President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania as they stand at attention and listen to the national anthems of the United States and the country of Tanganyika. Photo: ANP
Queen Juliana (of the Netherlands) with President Nyerere during a visit to Tanzania (1978) Photo: ANP
Queen Juliana (of the Netherlands) with President Nyerere during a visit to Tanzania (1978) Photo: ANP
President of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, future Tanzania, Dr. Julius Nyerere (R) and the first President of Ivory Coast Felix Houphouet(1905-93) smile prior their meeting in 1962 in Tanganyikan capital, Dar Es Salaam. Nyerere, the first Tanzanian President (1962-85), reorganized the Tanzanian nationalists into the Tanganyika African National Union (1954) and in 1960 he became chief minister. Nyerere was premier when Tanganyika was granted internal self-government (1961), and president of independence 08 December 1962. He led his country on a path of socialism and self-reliance, but his policies failed, and he retired in 1985. Photo: ANP
President of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, future Tanzania, Dr. Julius Nyerere (R) and the first President of Ivory Coast Felix Houphouet(1905-93) smile prior their meeting in 1962 in Tanganyikan capital, Dar Es Salaam. Nyerere, the first Tanzanian President (1962-85), reorganized the Tanzanian nationalists into the Tanganyika African National Union (1954) and in 1960 he became chief minister. Nyerere was premier when Tanganyika was granted internal self-government (1961), and president of independence 08 December 1962. He led his country on a path of socialism and self-reliance, and he retired in 1985. Photo: ANP
Undated picture of President Julius Nyerere Photo: ANP
Undated picture of President Julius Nyerere Photo: ANP
Former US President Jimmy Carter (2nd R) listens to Rwandan President Pasteur Bizimungu (C) as other African leaders including Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire, (L), former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere (far R) look on, after they signed up the final declaration of the five-nation summit held in Tunis 18 March, 1996 The declaration concerns refugees from Rwanda and violence in neighbouring Burundi. Other officials in background are unidentified. Photo: ANP
Former US President Jimmy Carter (2nd R) listens to Rwandan President Pasteur Bizimungu (C) as other African leaders including Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire, (L), former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere (far R) look on, after they signed up the final declaration of the five-nation summit held in Tunis 18 March, 1996 The declaration concerns refugees from Rwanda and violence in neighbouring Burundi. Other officials in background are unidentified. Photo: ANP
Image of Julius Nyerere with Old Slavery Photos - Tourist Information Office - Bagamoyo – Tanzania Photo Wiki Commons
Image of Julius Nyerere with Old Slavery Photos – Tourist Information Office – Bagamoyo – Tanzania Photo Wiki Commons
Undated picture of Julius Nyerere Photo: ANP
Undated picture of Julius Nyerere Photo: ANP
A church service being held for Tanzania’s former president Julius Nyerere at Saint Joseph’s Roman catholic cathedral in Dar es Salaam, 19 October 1999. Nyerere died of leukaemia in London at the age of 77. Photo: ANP/EPA/AFP Alexander Joe
A church service being held for Tanzania’s former president Julius Nyerere at Saint Joseph’s Roman catholic cathedral in Dar es Salaam, 19 October 1999. Nyerere died of leukaemia in London at the age of 77. Photo: ANP/EPA/AFP Alexander Joe
Members of the Tanzanian army carry the coffin of former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere. Nyerere led the former British colony to independence in 1961. (18 October 1999). Photo: ANP/EPA/AFP Alexander Joe
Members of the Tanzanian army carry the coffin of former Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere. Nyerere led the former British colony to independence in 1961. (18 October 1999). Photo: ANP/EPA/AFP Alexander Joe