The Conversation
The Conversation
Silvia Mwendia
Silvia Mwendia
Stanley Azuakola
Stanley Azuakola
Brent Meersman
Brent Meersman
Kagure Mugo
Kagure Mugo
Brian Obara
Brian Obara
Chiagozie Nwonwu
Chiagozie Nwonwu

Nduta Waweru
Peter Fabricius
Peter Fabricius
Fred Obera
Fred Obera
Richard Munang
Richard Munang
Bwesigye bwa Mwesigire
Bwesigye bwa Mwesigire
Liesl Louw-Vaudran
Liesl Louw-Vaudran
Okey Ndibe
Okey Ndibe

This is Africa
Takura Zhangazha
Takura Zhangazha

Agence France-Presse
Fred Obera
Fred Obera
Simon Allison
Simon Allison
Philani A Nyoni
Philani A Nyoni
Lineo Segoete
Lineo Segoete
Rachel Hamada
Rachel Hamada
Cosmic Yoruba
Cosmic Yoruba
Kissi Kono
Kissi Kono

Patrick Egwu
Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah
Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah

Linus Unah
Lebohang Mojapelo
Lebohang Mojapelo
Institute for Security Studies
Institute for Security Studies
Atane Ofiaja
Atane Ofiaja
Alex Taremwa
Alex Taremwa
Kagiso Mnisi
Kagiso Mnisi
Judith February
Judith February

Joyline Maenzanise
Jakkie Cilliers
Jakkie Cilliers
Oris Aigbokhaevbolo
Oris Aigbokhaevbolo
Mukoma Wa Ngugi
Mukoma Wa Ngugi
Sandile Memela
Sandile Memela
Levi Kabwato
Levi Kabwato
Vimbai B Chinembiri
Vimbai B Chinembiri
DJ Zhao
DJ Zhao
Nana Akosua Hanson
Nana Akosua Hanson
Nancy A. Onyango
Nancy A. Onyango
Ettobe David Meres
Ettobe David Meres

Dan Ogwang
Sebastian Gatimu
Sebastian Gatimu

Tariro Washinyira
Lauren Tracey
Lauren Tracey
Charles Mafa
Charles Mafa
Asar Alkebulan
Asar Alkebulan

Anthony Okoth
Jorrit R Dijkstra
Jorrit R Dijkstra
Wycliffe Muga
Wycliffe Muga
Bill Odidi
Bill Odidi
Arthur Matsiko
Arthur Matsiko
Melinda Ozongwu
Melinda Ozongwu
Brian Ihirwe Kamanzi
Brian Ihirwe Kamanzi
Enock Muchinjo
Enock Muchinjo

Farai Mudzingwa
Kudzayi Zvinavashe
Kudzayi Zvinavashe
Barbara Maregele
Barbara Maregele

Rebecca R
Ayodeji Rotinwa
Ayodeji Rotinwa
Leo Igwe
Leo Igwe
Margaretta wa Gacheru
Margaretta wa Gacheru
Neema Komba
Neema Komba
Rita Nketiah
Rita Nketiah
Stephanie Wolters
Stephanie Wolters

Nuunja Kahina
Gustavo de Carvalho
Gustavo de Carvalho
Annie Mebaley
Annie Mebaley

Zanta Nkumane

Paula Akugizibwe
GroundUp Staff
GroundUp Staff
Timothy Walker
Timothy Walker
Femi Morgan
Femi Morgan
Mell Nyoko
Mell Nyoko
Habtom Yohannes
Habtom Yohannes
Dami Ajayi
Dami Ajayi
Monique Kwachou
Monique Kwachou
Gareth Newham
Gareth Newham

Holly McGurk
Malaka Grant
Malaka Grant
Noel Stott
Noel Stott
Blessing Vava
Blessing Vava
Carien du Plessis
Carien du Plessis
Mark Namaswa
Mark Namaswa

Sarah Moses

Anne Mucheke

Adjei-Gyamfi Yaw
Ashleigh Furlong
Ashleigh Furlong
Dimpho Motsamai
Dimpho Motsamai
Nathalie Munyampenda
Nathalie Munyampenda
Allan Ngari
Allan Ngari
Stephanie Ohumu
Stephanie Ohumu
Ben Verghese
Ben Verghese
Yolande Bouka
Yolande Bouka

Kimberly Mutandiro

Chandra Frank
Olutimehin Adegbeye
Olutimehin Adegbeye
Ray Mwareya
Ray Mwareya
Tom Odhiambo
Tom Odhiambo
Lizette Lancaster
Lizette Lancaster
Ladi Opaluwa
Ladi Opaluwa
Cyril Zenda
Cyril Zenda

Valentine Iwenwanne
Meressa Kahsu
Meressa Kahsu
Romi Sigsworth
Romi Sigsworth
Christopher Clark
Christopher Clark
Rudolf Ogoo Okonkwo
Rudolf Ogoo Okonkwo
Irene Ndungu
Irene Ndungu
Love Matters
Love Matters

Sarah Nyengerai
Valérie Bah
Valérie Bah
Malvern Mkudu
Malvern Mkudu
Angela Muriuki
Angela Muriuki
Shayera D
Shayera D
Dzekashu MacViban
Dzekashu MacViban
Njoki Wamai
Njoki Wamai

Richard Oduor Oduku
Enajite Efemuaye
Enajite Efemuaye
Mike van Graan
Mike van Graan
Benedicta Dube
Benedicta Dube
Barthélemy Blédé
Barthélemy Blédé
Julia Schünemann
Julia Schünemann
Mako Muzenda
Mako Muzenda

Valentine Iwenwanne

Nehaa Singh Khamboj

Tiisetso Tlelima
Amanda Lucey
Amanda Lucey
Hawa Noor
Hawa Noor
Kim Harrisberg
Kim Harrisberg
Ilham Rawoot
Ilham Rawoot

Ibrahim Maïga
Anne Gonschorek
Anne Gonschorek
Tina Mbachu
Tina Mbachu
Azeenarh Mohammed
Azeenarh Mohammed
Steve Hedden
Steve Hedden

Sikhathele Bakithi

David Joseph Kapito

Raeesah Cassim Cachalia

Dr. Diana Wangari

Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún
Dudumalingani Mqombothi
Dudumalingani Mqombothi

Thembela Ntongana and GroundUp staff

TJ Benson
Chief K. Masimba Biriwasha
Chief K. Masimba Biriwasha
Jemima Njeri Kariri
Jemima Njeri Kariri
Rachel Nyaradzo Adams
Rachel Nyaradzo Adams

Billy Mutai
Hallelujah Lulie
Hallelujah Lulie
Sada Malumfashi
Sada Malumfashi
Mulonda Singongi
Mulonda Singongi
Palesa Mazamisa
Palesa Mazamisa

Bernard Chiguvare and GroundUp Staff
Rose Odengo
Rose Odengo
Yewande Omotoso
Yewande Omotoso
Kangsen Feka Wakai
Kangsen Feka Wakai

Kambale Musavuli
Problem Masau
Problem Masau

Ottilia Anna Maunganidze,
Tswarelo Mothobe
Tswarelo Mothobe

Derek Matyszak
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Kathryn Stinson
Kathryn Stinson
Msanii Kimani wa Wanjiru
Msanii Kimani wa Wanjiru

Anima Adjepong
Nqobani Ndlovu
Nqobani Ndlovu
Natasha Msonza
Natasha Msonza
Alexis Teyie
Alexis Teyie
Martin Ewi
Martin Ewi

Sanya Noel
Lucia Edafioka
Lucia Edafioka
Chika Oduah
Chika Oduah
Oduor Jagero-Koa
Oduor Jagero-Koa
Julie Bela Wamona
Julie Bela Wamona
Daneel Knoetze
Daneel Knoetze

Kelechukwu Iruoma
Sibongile Gida
Sibongile Gida
Johan Burger
Johan Burger
Ella Jeannine Abatan
Ella Jeannine Abatan
Kabubi Herman
Kabubi Herman

Tseliso Monaheng
Dr. Julitta Onabanjo
Dr. Julitta Onabanjo
Patrick Hajayandi
Patrick Hajayandi
Chandré Gould & Adele Kirsten
Chandré Gould & Adele Kirsten
Zachary Donnenfeld
Zachary Donnenfeld

Sunday Orji
Khalil Goga
Khalil Goga
Chandre Gould
Chandre Gould
Chitra Nagarajan
Chitra Nagarajan

Anton M. Pillay

Christine Haigh
Shaun Matsheza
Shaun Matsheza
Kezia Batisai
Kezia Batisai
Clênia Gigi
Clênia Gigi

Mary C Curtis

David Doochin

muchineripi
Blessing Karumbidza
Blessing Karumbidza

Edith Honan
Naib Mian
Naib Mian

Joyce Xi

Daniel Gilbert Bwette

Chinue Igwe

Obeta Osita

Promise Okwuchukwu
Elvina Quaison
Elvina Quaison

Rose Wanjiku

Richard Poplak
Deejay Manaleng
Deejay Manaleng
Peter Aling'o
Peter Aling'o

Veronique Dupont
Percy Zvomuya
Percy Zvomuya

Renee Edwige Dro
Rosie J. Spinks
Rosie J. Spinks
ottiliaannamaunganidze1
ottiliaannamaunganidze1

Njeri Kabeberi
Achille Mbembe
Achille Mbembe

Armande Jeanine Kobi

Sandy Abdelmessih
Olusegun Akinsanya
Olusegun Akinsanya

Troy Onyango

Saam Niami Jalinous
Anna Davies-van Es
Anna Davies-van Es

Ntombizikhona Valela

Bregtje van der Haak

Tadzoka Pswarayi

Steve Korver
Nicolas Kasprzyk
Nicolas Kasprzyk

Moiyattu Banya
Alanna Markle
Alanna Markle
Kuukua Dzigbordi Yomekpe
Kuukua Dzigbordi Yomekpe
Ainehi Edoro
Ainehi Edoro
Zyaan Davids
Zyaan Davids

Onyema Afulukwe-Eruchalu

Brendan Boyle

Rejul Bejoy
Nico Cloete
Nico Cloete

David Tumusiime
Andrews Atta-Asamoah
Andrews Atta-Asamoah

Sandisiwe Shoba

TL Andrews

J C Niala
Jennifer Radloff
Jennifer Radloff
Sibusiso Tshabalala
Sibusiso Tshabalala

Nazira Karimo Vali Abdula

Susan Njanji
MumBi Mungai
MumBi Mungai
Simamkele Dlakavu
Simamkele Dlakavu

Mazi Emeka Nwankwo

Caitlin Spring

Fungai Machirori

Jonathon Rees
Juliet Mureriwa
Juliet Mureriwa
Annette Leijenaar
Annette Leijenaar
Ranga Mberi
Ranga Mberi

Ludovica Iaccino
Mahdi Abdile
Mahdi Abdile
Adeola Eribake
Adeola Eribake
Sarah Chiumbu
Sarah Chiumbu
Augustina Austin
Augustina Austin
Saida Ali
Saida Ali

Mazi Emeka

Brian Ganson
Tutu Alicante
Tutu Alicante
Mapule Mohulatsi
Mapule Mohulatsi

Soonest Nathaniel
Rabab Douwa
Rabab Douwa

Ben Stanwix
Andrew Mulenga
Andrew Mulenga

Abdourahman A. Waberi
Martha Mukaiwa
Martha Mukaiwa

Rodriguez Katsuva
Khanyo Mjamba
Khanyo Mjamba
António Tomás
António Tomás
Aboubacar Demba Cissokho
Aboubacar Demba Cissokho

Jane Maina
Anneli Botha & Mahdi Abdile
Anneli Botha & Mahdi Abdile

Kunda Mwewe
Mary Anne Gontsana
Mary Anne Gontsana
Godess Bvukutwa
Godess Bvukutwa

Nozuko Ndinisa

Adams Adeosun

António A. da Silva Francisco

Eromo Egbejule
Esso-Wèdeou Gnamke
Esso-Wèdeou Gnamke

Amarachukwu Iwuala

Hancu Louw
Deng Aling
Deng Aling

Mandy de Waal
Brandon Finn
Brandon Finn

Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung
Anton du Plessis
Anton du Plessis
Gabriella Razzano
Gabriella Razzano
Anne Muriungi
Anne Muriungi
Idriss Ali Nassah
Idriss Ali Nassah

Pascaline Compaoré

Rafeeat Aliyu
Maggie Hazvinei Mapondera
Maggie Hazvinei Mapondera

Jose Tembe
Sonkita Conteh
Sonkita Conteh

Mary C. Curtis
Sieta Majok
Sieta Majok
Solomé Goshu
Solomé Goshu

Ayodeji Rotinwa

Marla Sakala

Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni
Dariusz Dziewanski
Dariusz Dziewanski

Chuma Nwokolo
Zackie Achmat
Zackie Achmat
Patrick Wamukulu
Patrick Wamukulu
Ayantu Tibeso
Ayantu Tibeso

Motlatsi Motseoile
XieXie Feizhou
XieXie Feizhou

Chinelo Onwualu
Anneke Rautenbach
Anneke Rautenbach

Thelmah Maluleke
International HIV/AIDS Alliance
International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Phetogo Tshepo Mahasha
Phetogo Tshepo Mahasha
Samantha Hargreaves
Samantha Hargreaves

Fatou Kandé Senghor

Grace Kiwanga

Dr Jade Gibson (PhD)

Stanely Mushava
Berouk Mesfin
Berouk Mesfin
Jane Battersby-Lennard
Jane Battersby-Lennard

Kelechi Njoku
David Adeleke
David Adeleke
Eduard Grebe
Eduard Grebe
Sheena Magenya
Sheena Magenya
Hakima Abbas
Hakima Abbas

Caleb Ajinomoh
Liezelle Kumalo
Liezelle Kumalo
Miguel Heilbron
Miguel Heilbron
Joel Allotey
Joel Allotey
Nnamdi F. Akwada
Nnamdi F. Akwada

Craig Halliday
John Owoo
John Owoo

Henning Melber
Alkasim Abdulkadir
Alkasim Abdulkadir
Stefan Gilbert
Stefan Gilbert
Jephiter Tsamwi
Jephiter Tsamwi
John Oyewale
John Oyewale
Thelma Chikwanha
Thelma Chikwanha
Lula Ahrens
Lula Ahrens

Valérie Bah

Deborah Akua Frempong
Sharon Sigauke
Sharon Sigauke

Lilian Namagembe

Manisha Gulati
Tammary Esho
Tammary Esho
Rochelle Jacobs
Rochelle Jacobs
Vimbai Midzi
Vimbai Midzi

Brian Raftopoulos

Kgothatso Motshele

Alex Wood
Nnenna Nwakanma
Nnenna Nwakanma
Amina Doherty
Amina Doherty

Nawetinbedistin
Institute for Security Studies Nairobi
Institute for Security Studies Nairobi

Kayode Faniyi
Jimmy Kainja
Jimmy Kainja

Murithi Mutiga
Paulin Maurice Toupane
Paulin Maurice Toupane
Milisuthando Bongela
Milisuthando Bongela

Sophia Olivia Sanan

Abroni K Thomas
Emmanuel Kisiangani
Emmanuel Kisiangani
Jane Duncan
Jane Duncan

Bel South

Nkiacha Atemnkeng
Babatunde Fagbayibo
Babatunde Fagbayibo
Ekuba Bentil
Ekuba Bentil

Zethu Matebeni
David W. Wagacha
David W. Wagacha

Olofinula Oyindamola

Nathalie Munyampenda

Tunji Olalere
Robert Mgendi
Robert Mgendi

Moses Serubiri
Sabelo Mkhabela
Sabelo Mkhabela
wpengine
wpengine

Jean Pierre

Lucrèce Aminata Kanté

sibongilesalome
Delila Kidanu
Delila Kidanu
bonganikona
bonganikona

Ciara Aucoin

Rachel Furlong

ernest

'kola

olivercheruiyot

Tinde van Andel
Benjamin Lebrave
Benjamin Lebrave
Jacqueline Cochrane
Jacqueline Cochrane
kimsaulse
kimsaulse
Emma C. Chepkwony
Emma C. Chepkwony
Deji Toye
Deji Toye

Chumile Sali
Daniel K Mpala
Daniel K Mpala

mcbenard

Nana Akosua Hanson

sanyanoel

Arthur Matsiko

Coco Nsofor
Safia Dickersbach
Safia Dickersbach

gachieterry

Wairimũ Mũrĩithi
nyashangonidzashemukapiko
nyashangonidzashemukapiko
Thomas Gesthuizen
Thomas Gesthuizen

Neema Amani
Orphelie Thalmas
Orphelie Thalmas
Belinda Otas
Belinda Otas

christinedjafa

testthomas
Orijin Culture Magazine
Orijin Culture Magazine

thabisomani
James Murua
James Murua

bethndutawaweru
Binyavanga Wainaina
Binyavanga Wainaina

someonespecial
Dr. Natalia Kanem
Dr. Natalia Kanem

Jonathan Kellerman
Zukiswa Wanner
Zukiswa Wanner

james57
Nobhongo Gxolo
Nobhongo Gxolo
Tafadzwa Munjoma
Tafadzwa Munjoma

intern1
Adam Rotbard
Adam Rotbard

james maina
enockmuchinjo
enockmuchinjo
Maxime DOMEGNI
Maxime DOMEGNI

petermachariax
Amira Ali
Amira Ali
Parfait Tabapsi
Parfait Tabapsi

kumalo