The Conversation
The Conversation
Silvia Mwendia
Silvia Mwendia
Stanley Azuakola
Stanley Azuakola
Brent Meersman
Brent Meersman
Kagure Mugo
Kagure Mugo
Brian Obara
Brian Obara
Chiagozie Nwonwu
Chiagozie Nwonwu

Nduta Waweru
Peter Fabricius
Peter Fabricius
Fred Obera
Fred Obera
Bwesigye bwa Mwesigire
Bwesigye bwa Mwesigire
Richard Munang
Richard Munang
Liesl Louw-Vaudran
Liesl Louw-Vaudran
Okey Ndibe
Okey Ndibe

This is Africa
Takura Zhangazha
Takura Zhangazha

Agence France-Presse
Fred Obera
Fred Obera
Simon Allison
Simon Allison
Philani A Nyoni
Philani A Nyoni
Lineo Segoete
Lineo Segoete
Rachel Hamada
Rachel Hamada
Cosmic Yoruba
Cosmic Yoruba
Kissi Kono
Kissi Kono
Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah
Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah
Alex Taremwa
Alex Taremwa
Lebohang Mojapelo
Lebohang Mojapelo

Linus Unah
Atane Ofiaja
Atane Ofiaja
Judith February
Judith February
Kagiso Mnisi
Kagiso Mnisi
Institute for Security Studies
Institute for Security Studies

Patrick Egwu
Oris Aigbokhaevbolo
Oris Aigbokhaevbolo
Mukoma Wa Ngugi
Mukoma Wa Ngugi
Jakkie Cilliers
Jakkie Cilliers
Sandile Memela
Sandile Memela
Vimbai B Chinembiri
Vimbai B Chinembiri
Levi Kabwato
Levi Kabwato

Joyline Maenzanise
Nancy A. Onyango
Nancy A. Onyango
Ettobe David Meres
Ettobe David Meres

Dan Ogwang

Tariro Washinyira
DJ Zhao
DJ Zhao
Sebastian Gatimu
Sebastian Gatimu
Nana Akosua Hanson
Nana Akosua Hanson

Anthony Okoth
Charles Mafa
Charles Mafa
Lauren Tracey
Lauren Tracey
Asar Alkebulan
Asar Alkebulan
Jorrit R Dijkstra
Jorrit R Dijkstra
Wycliffe Muga
Wycliffe Muga
Bill Odidi
Bill Odidi
Brian Ihirwe Kamanzi
Brian Ihirwe Kamanzi
Arthur Matsiko
Arthur Matsiko
Melinda Ozongwu
Melinda Ozongwu
Margaretta wa Gacheru
Margaretta wa Gacheru

Rebecca R
Enock Muchinjo
Enock Muchinjo

Farai Mudzingwa

Nuunja Kahina
Leo Igwe
Leo Igwe
Neema Komba
Neema Komba
Rita Nketiah
Rita Nketiah
Gustavo de Carvalho
Gustavo de Carvalho
Barbara Maregele
Barbara Maregele
Kudzayi Zvinavashe
Kudzayi Zvinavashe
Stephanie Wolters
Stephanie Wolters
Ayodeji Rotinwa
Ayodeji Rotinwa
Annie Mebaley
Annie Mebaley
Mell Nyoko
Mell Nyoko

Paula Akugizibwe
Femi Morgan
Femi Morgan
Monique Kwachou
Monique Kwachou
Habtom Yohannes
Habtom Yohannes
Timothy Walker
Timothy Walker
Dami Ajayi
Dami Ajayi
GroundUp Staff
GroundUp Staff
Dimpho Motsamai
Dimpho Motsamai
Nathalie Munyampenda
Nathalie Munyampenda
Malaka Grant
Malaka Grant

Valentine Iwenwanne

Sarah Moses
Yolande Bouka
Yolande Bouka
Carien du Plessis
Carien du Plessis

Anne Mucheke
Allan Ngari
Allan Ngari
Ben Verghese
Ben Verghese
Lizette Lancaster
Lizette Lancaster

Zanta Nkumane

Chandra Frank
Stephanie Ohumu
Stephanie Ohumu
Olutimehin Adegbeye
Olutimehin Adegbeye
Tom Odhiambo
Tom Odhiambo
Blessing Vava
Blessing Vava
Gareth Newham
Gareth Newham
Ashleigh Furlong
Ashleigh Furlong
Ladi Opaluwa
Ladi Opaluwa

Holly McGurk
Noel Stott
Noel Stott
Mark Namaswa
Mark Namaswa
Cyril Zenda
Cyril Zenda

Tiisetso Tlelima
Mike van Graan
Mike van Graan
Rudolf Ogoo Okonkwo
Rudolf Ogoo Okonkwo
Njoki Wamai
Njoki Wamai
Christopher Clark
Christopher Clark

Kimberly Mutandiro
Meressa Kahsu
Meressa Kahsu
Valérie Bah
Valérie Bah
Shayera D
Shayera D
Malvern Mkudu
Malvern Mkudu
Ray Mwareya
Ray Mwareya
Dzekashu MacViban
Dzekashu MacViban
Angela Muriuki
Angela Muriuki

Adjei-Gyamfi Yaw
Irene Ndungu
Irene Ndungu
Barthélemy Blédé
Barthélemy Blédé

Nehaa Singh Khamboj
Romi Sigsworth
Romi Sigsworth
Enajite Efemuaye
Enajite Efemuaye
Amanda Lucey
Amanda Lucey
Hawa Noor
Hawa Noor
Benedicta Dube
Benedicta Dube

Richard Oduor Oduku

Valentine Iwenwanne
Julia Schünemann
Julia Schünemann
Kim Harrisberg
Kim Harrisberg
Love Matters
Love Matters

Tseliso Monaheng
Rachel Nyaradzo Adams
Rachel Nyaradzo Adams
Chika Oduah
Chika Oduah
Anne Gonschorek
Anne Gonschorek
Sibongile Gida
Sibongile Gida
Sada Malumfashi
Sada Malumfashi
Dr. Julitta Onabanjo
Dr. Julitta Onabanjo
Tina Mbachu
Tina Mbachu
Ilham Rawoot
Ilham Rawoot
Chitra Nagarajan
Chitra Nagarajan
Rose Odengo
Rose Odengo

Derek Matyszak

Sunday Orji
Tswarelo Mothobe
Tswarelo Mothobe
Khalil Goga
Khalil Goga
Dudumalingani Mqombothi
Dudumalingani Mqombothi
Kathryn Stinson
Kathryn Stinson
Chief K. Masimba Biriwasha
Chief K. Masimba Biriwasha

Thembela Ntongana and GroundUp staff
Msanii Kimani wa Wanjiru
Msanii Kimani wa Wanjiru
Jemima Njeri Kariri
Jemima Njeri Kariri
Alexis Teyie
Alexis Teyie
Ella Jeannine Abatan
Ella Jeannine Abatan
Martin Ewi
Martin Ewi
Mulonda Singongi
Mulonda Singongi

Dr. Diana Wangari
Zachary Donnenfeld
Zachary Donnenfeld
Palesa Mazamisa
Palesa Mazamisa
Azeenarh Mohammed
Azeenarh Mohammed
Yewande Omotoso
Yewande Omotoso

David Joseph Kapito

Kọ́lá Túbọ̀sún
Johan Burger
Johan Burger
Kangsen Feka Wakai
Kangsen Feka Wakai
Daneel Knoetze
Daneel Knoetze

TJ Benson
Problem Masau
Problem Masau

Billy Mutai
Nqobani Ndlovu
Nqobani Ndlovu
Chandré Gould & Adele Kirsten
Chandré Gould & Adele Kirsten
Hallelujah Lulie
Hallelujah Lulie
Lucia Edafioka
Lucia Edafioka
Shaun Matsheza
Shaun Matsheza
Julie Bela Wamona
Julie Bela Wamona

Kambale Musavuli

Bernard Chiguvare and GroundUp Staff

Anima Adjepong

Ibrahim Maïga

Sanya Noel
Steve Hedden
Steve Hedden

Sikhathele Bakithi
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Heinrich Böll Foundation
Oduor Jagero-Koa
Oduor Jagero-Koa

Raeesah Cassim Cachalia
Patrick Hajayandi
Patrick Hajayandi
Kabubi Herman
Kabubi Herman

Sarah Nyengerai
Natasha Msonza
Natasha Msonza
Mako Muzenda
Mako Muzenda

Kelechukwu Iruoma
Chandre Gould
Chandre Gould

Anton M. Pillay

Ottilia Anna Maunganidze,

Christine Haigh

muchineripi
Berouk Mesfin
Berouk Mesfin
Annette Leijenaar
Annette Leijenaar
Milisuthando Bongela
Milisuthando Bongela

Caleb Ajinomoh

Kgothatso Motshele
Deng Aling
Deng Aling

Pascaline Compaoré
Naib Mian
Naib Mian
Vimbai Midzi
Vimbai Midzi
Emmanuel Kisiangani
Emmanuel Kisiangani

Edith Honan

Abdourahman A. Waberi

Rose Wanjiku

Ludovica Iaccino
Sonkita Conteh
Sonkita Conteh
Liezelle Kumalo
Liezelle Kumalo
Deejay Manaleng
Deejay Manaleng

Ben Stanwix

Amarachukwu Iwuala

Lilian Namagembe

Bel South
Rosie J. Spinks
Rosie J. Spinks
Olusegun Akinsanya
Olusegun Akinsanya
Sharon Sigauke
Sharon Sigauke

Jane Maina

Njeri Kabeberi
Anneli Botha & Mahdi Abdile
Anneli Botha & Mahdi Abdile

Tadzoka Pswarayi
Samantha Hargreaves
Samantha Hargreaves

Manisha Gulati
Jane Duncan
Jane Duncan

David Doochin
Ainehi Edoro
Ainehi Edoro

Hancu Louw

Sophia Olivia Sanan
Lula Ahrens
Lula Ahrens

Promise Okwuchukwu
Zyaan Davids
Zyaan Davids

Rejul Bejoy
Andrews Atta-Asamoah
Andrews Atta-Asamoah
Gabriella Razzano
Gabriella Razzano

Steve Korver

Brendan Boyle
Esso-Wèdeou Gnamke
Esso-Wèdeou Gnamke

Mary C. Curtis
Eduard Grebe
Eduard Grebe

Mandy de Waal

Jose Tembe

Murithi Mutiga
Kuukua Dzigbordi Yomekpe
Kuukua Dzigbordi Yomekpe

Chinue Igwe

Renee Edwige Dro
MumBi Mungai
MumBi Mungai

Lori-Anne Théroux-Bénoni

Fungai Machirori
Dariusz Dziewanski
Dariusz Dziewanski

Daniel Gilbert Bwette

Ntombizikhona Valela
John Owoo
John Owoo
Adeola Eribake
Adeola Eribake
Zackie Achmat
Zackie Achmat

Fatou Kandé Senghor

Obeta Osita
International HIV/AIDS Alliance
International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Ekuba Bentil
Ekuba Bentil
Blessing Karumbidza
Blessing Karumbidza

Thelmah Maluleke
Jane Battersby-Lennard
Jane Battersby-Lennard
Mahdi Abdile
Mahdi Abdile

Troy Onyango

J C Niala
Rabab Douwa
Rabab Douwa
ottiliaannamaunganidze1
ottiliaannamaunganidze1
Phetogo Tshepo Mahasha
Phetogo Tshepo Mahasha

Henning Melber
Joel Allotey
Joel Allotey
Paulin Maurice Toupane
Paulin Maurice Toupane

Kunda Mwewe
Anna Davies-van Es
Anna Davies-van Es
Tutu Alicante
Tutu Alicante

Nazira Karimo Vali Abdula
Godess Bvukutwa
Godess Bvukutwa

Valérie Bah
Martha Mukaiwa
Martha Mukaiwa

Eromo Egbejule
John Oyewale
John Oyewale

Bregtje van der Haak
Simamkele Dlakavu
Simamkele Dlakavu

Nozuko Ndinisa
Jephiter Tsamwi
Jephiter Tsamwi
Nnamdi F. Akwada
Nnamdi F. Akwada

Brian Raftopoulos

TL Andrews
Anton du Plessis
Anton du Plessis
Brandon Finn
Brandon Finn

Mazi Emeka Nwankwo
Khanyo Mjamba
Khanyo Mjamba
Idriss Ali Nassah
Idriss Ali Nassah
Saida Ali
Saida Ali
Tammary Esho
Tammary Esho
Anne Muriungi
Anne Muriungi

Kayode Faniyi
Rochelle Jacobs
Rochelle Jacobs
Maggie Hazvinei Mapondera
Maggie Hazvinei Mapondera
Jennifer Radloff
Jennifer Radloff
Mapule Mohulatsi
Mapule Mohulatsi

Caitlin Spring

Chuma Nwokolo

Zethu Matebeni

Mazi Emeka

Nawetinbedistin
Percy Zvomuya
Percy Zvomuya
Solomé Goshu
Solomé Goshu

Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung

Armande Jeanine Kobi
Ayantu Tibeso
Ayantu Tibeso
Nnenna Nwakanma
Nnenna Nwakanma

Mary C Curtis

Soonest Nathaniel
Institute for Security Studies Nairobi
Institute for Security Studies Nairobi

Rodriguez Katsuva

Rafeeat Aliyu
Sarah Chiumbu
Sarah Chiumbu
Sieta Majok
Sieta Majok

Grace Kiwanga
Patrick Wamukulu
Patrick Wamukulu
Kezia Batisai
Kezia Batisai

Kelechi Njoku

Richard Poplak
Clênia Gigi
Clênia Gigi
Alanna Markle
Alanna Markle

Marla Sakala
António Tomás
António Tomás
XieXie Feizhou
XieXie Feizhou
David Adeleke
David Adeleke

Veronique Dupont

Joyce Xi

Adams Adeosun
Augustina Austin
Augustina Austin
Elvina Quaison
Elvina Quaison

Sandy Abdelmessih
Andrew Mulenga
Andrew Mulenga

Motlatsi Motseoile
Sibusiso Tshabalala
Sibusiso Tshabalala
Miguel Heilbron
Miguel Heilbron
Aboubacar Demba Cissokho
Aboubacar Demba Cissokho
Alkasim Abdulkadir
Alkasim Abdulkadir
Sheena Magenya
Sheena Magenya

António A. da Silva Francisco
Thelma Chikwanha
Thelma Chikwanha

Deborah Akua Frempong
Achille Mbembe
Achille Mbembe

Craig Halliday

Moiyattu Banya

Stanely Mushava
Ranga Mberi
Ranga Mberi

David Tumusiime

Ayodeji Rotinwa
Stefan Gilbert
Stefan Gilbert
Peter Aling'o
Peter Aling'o

Onyema Afulukwe-Eruchalu

Alex Wood

Brian Ganson

Dr Jade Gibson (PhD)
Amina Doherty
Amina Doherty
Jimmy Kainja
Jimmy Kainja
Hakima Abbas
Hakima Abbas
Nico Cloete
Nico Cloete

Susan Njanji

Chinelo Onwualu
Mary Anne Gontsana
Mary Anne Gontsana
Nicolas Kasprzyk
Nicolas Kasprzyk

Jonathon Rees

Nkiacha Atemnkeng
Juliet Mureriwa
Juliet Mureriwa
Babatunde Fagbayibo
Babatunde Fagbayibo
Anneke Rautenbach
Anneke Rautenbach

Abroni K Thomas

Olofinula Oyindamola

Tunji Olalere
kimsaulse
kimsaulse
Daniel K Mpala
Daniel K Mpala
Emma C. Chepkwony
Emma C. Chepkwony

james57

gachieterry
Sabelo Mkhabela
Sabelo Mkhabela

Jean Pierre

sibongilesalome

thabisomani

james maina
nyashangonidzashemukapiko
nyashangonidzashemukapiko

olivercheruiyot

christinedjafa

Nathalie Munyampenda

Jonathan Kellerman
Jacqueline Cochrane
Jacqueline Cochrane

bethndutawaweru
Parfait Tabapsi
Parfait Tabapsi
bonganikona
bonganikona
Orijin Culture Magazine
Orijin Culture Magazine

Chumile Sali

someonespecial

Lucrèce Aminata Kanté

intern1

Ciara Aucoin

sanyanoel
wpengine
wpengine
Binyavanga Wainaina
Binyavanga Wainaina

Nana Akosua Hanson

kumalo

Neema Amani

'kola
Robert Mgendi
Robert Mgendi

Wairimũ Mũrĩithi

testthomas

Coco Nsofor

petermachariax
Benjamin Lebrave
Benjamin Lebrave
Deji Toye
Deji Toye

ernest
David W. Wagacha
David W. Wagacha

Moses Serubiri
Nobhongo Gxolo
Nobhongo Gxolo
Delila Kidanu
Delila Kidanu
Safia Dickersbach
Safia Dickersbach
Adam Rotbard
Adam Rotbard
Orphelie Thalmas
Orphelie Thalmas
James Murua
James Murua

Rachel Furlong
Tafadzwa Munjoma
Tafadzwa Munjoma

Tinde van Andel
Thomas Gesthuizen
Thomas Gesthuizen
enockmuchinjo
enockmuchinjo
Amira Ali
Amira Ali
Maxime DOMEGNI
Maxime DOMEGNI

Arthur Matsiko
Belinda Otas
Belinda Otas
Zukiswa Wanner
Zukiswa Wanner

mcbenard
Dr. Natalia Kanem
Dr. Natalia Kanem