The report targeted a number of alleged transgressions including torture and kidnapping, and names Eritrean President Isaias Afewerki and several of his ministers.
“This is not only symbolic. We believe there are legal grounds to prosecute the people we have named,” human rights lawyer Percy Bratt told the AFP news agency on Tuesday.
The unprecedented legal move, was filed the same day that crimes against humanity were introduced into Swedish law.
The code enables judges to prosecute crimes regardless of where they have been committed or by whom.
“There is a lot of evidence from human rights groups, particularly about indefinite imprisonment without trial (in Eritrea),” Bratt said, “there are also many Eritreans in Sweden who could give information about the conditions in the country in general.”
According to the latest figures, 12,800 Eritreans live in Sweden, and the number of asylum seekers from the country expands continually.
Swedish-Eritrean journalist Dawit Isaak has been imprisoned in Eritrea since 2001, and 13 years on little is known of his fate.
The east African country, with a population of 5 million and a size about the same as Britain, is one of the most isolated and secretive countries in the world.
Source: Awramba Times