Cameroon has been in the news in recent days following violent protests in Bamenda, Cameroon’s third largest city, which has left one dead and many more injured.
What is seen as a calculated neglect of the Anglophones in Cameroon by President Paul Biya has led to these protests. However, the strain between Francophones and Anglophones is not all that is worthy of note about this beautiful country. Cameroon is a fertile, diverse and interesting nation.
The country was officially named the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972, and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984. The capital of Cameroon is Yaoundé.
“Cameroon” is derived from Rio dos Camarões, Portuguese for River of Prawns
Paul Biya has been the president of Cameroon since November 6, 1982. In 2011 in an election he insists was free and fair, Biya won 78% of the total votes to retain his seat.
Cameroon is famous for producing coffee, cocoa, cotton, bananas and oilseeds. 40% of the country’s revenue is gotten from crude oil and 19% from cocoa beans.
Cameroon is the first African country to reach the quarter-final in FIFA World Cup in 1990. The Cameroon national football team The Indomitable Lions (Les Lion Indomptables) have qualified seven times for the FIFA World Cup (in 1982, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2002,2010 and 2014.)
Cameroon lies at the junction of West and Central Africa. It has a population of approximately 23 million people.
There are more than 1700 different linguistic groups in the country, and 230 other languages are spoken apart from its official languages – French and English.
Sanaga River is the longest river in Cameroon. However, it is not navigable. Other important rivers are the Benue and Nyong.
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Mount Cameroon is the highest point in the country at 13,500 ft.It is also the only active volcano in the country. It last erupted in 2012.
And there are about 500,000 people living near the volcano in three main towns of Limbe, Buea and Muyuka.
Samuel Eto’o, the most decorated African player of all time, 2000 Olympic medalist and Antalyaspor striker, hails from Cameroon.