Zimbabwe has started implementing a National Climate Change Response Strategy to combat the devastating effects of climate change.

The country has experienced droughts, a result of soaring temperatures and low rainfalls over the past few years, posing a serious food security threat.

To address the problem, the government recently set-up a climate change management department in the Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate to deal with climate change management. According to the ministry, “the country’s annual mean surface temperature has warmed by about 0.4 degrees Celsius from 1900 to 2000,” the Voice of America Zimbabwe reported.

Zambia Zimbabwe Kariba Dam North Bank station hydropower Zambezi River water levels Photo: CircleofBlue
Zambia Zimbabwe Kariba Dam North Bank station hydropower Zambezi River water levels Photo: CircleofBlue

Climate change has significantly affected rainfall patterns and the irregular rainfall is affecting food production. According to the Voice of America Zimbabwe, “food shortages are a perennial feature…resulting in a high prevalence of undernourishment estimated at 30 to 54 percent between 2006 and 2012”.

Against the backdrop of evidence of droughts, reduced yields and hunger, the country is developing different measures to mitigate the effects of climate change which include, use of renewable and cleaner energy technologies, irrigation, awareness campaigns to educate citizens on deforestation and proper land use.

The country is attending the Paris Climate Change conference (COP21), where global leaders are expected to discuss a climate agreement aimed at reducing global warming.

Source: Voice of America Zimbabwe