Richard Munang

About the Author Richard Munang

Dr. Richard Munang is Africa Climate Change & Development Policy Expert. He tweets as @RichardMunang

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Re-afforestation a Game Changer for Africa’s Sustainable Growth?

In the last quarter of 2015 Africa joined the rest of the world in adopting the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development as well as the COP21 Paris agreement. As the most vulnerable region to climate change, these two crucial high level global strategic and policy decisions together with Africa’s own strategies, like the AU Agenda 2063, could set the continent on a growth path, guaranteeing food security, environmental resilience and economic inclusivity.

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Catalyzing Domestic Resource Mobilization for Africa’s Growth

Financing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and other commitments, including the recent Paris Agreement on Climate Change, will require trillions of dollars in investment, and public financing alone is inadequate. More so for Africa, which already faces financing challenges; achieving sustainable development will require diversified financing, beyond traditional international public finance.

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The implications of the Paris Agreement for Africa: Seizing the moment

At COP21 in Paris last year, nearly 200 countries unanimously adopted a historic climate deal that commits all countries to emissions cuts and prioritized climate change adaptation. One of the takeaways include working towards keeping global temperature increases “well below” 2°C. Another positive – especially for Africa – is a commitment to balanced allocation of finances towards climate change adaptation and the mitigation needs of developing countries.

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Reversing illicit Financial Losses for Climate Adaptation in Africa

One of the expected outcomes from the Paris Climate Conference (COP21) is that it will provide a framework for actualizing the 2030 Agenda on sustainable development. However, achieving these noble ideals will not be possible without tackling climate change. Although Africa’s emissions remain negligible, the continent is the most vulnerable to climate change because its major economic sectors are highly climate sensitive and its adaptive capacity relatively weak.

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The Cost of Climate Change and Africa’s Future

A number of world leaders are coming together in Paris to reach an agreement that will put us on course to limit global warming to 2oC above pre-industrial levels. As this happens, the continent is faced with a barrage of challenges that are unprecedented in their scale and complexity. These include poverty, ecological degradation, food insecurity, population growth, youth unemployment, and of course climate change, which will dramatically define the contours of the continent in the years to come. As the African proverb goes: “When the music changes, so does the dance”.

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Deeper Regional Integration an opportunity for Africa

African countries have the most visa requirements in the world. Only 11 of the 54 countries on the continent offer 100% liberal access to all African citizens – Seychelles, Uganda, Cape Verde, Togo, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Rwanda, Comoros, Djibouti, Madagascar and Somalia. Another seven countries – Mozambique, Mauritius, Kenya, Senegal, Tanzania, Gambia and Burkina Faso – offer liberal access to citizens from at least 50% of the countries on the continent. This is in stark contrast to the European Union (EU), which offers complete freedom of movement to all citizens from its member states.

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Delivering Sustainable Development Goals in Africa

On 25-27 September 2015 world leaders unanimously adopted the sustainable development goals (SDGs) during the 70th UN General Assembly. This signaled a common global intent to transition to economic, social and environmental progress in the next 15 years, a united and mutually collective front against hunger, malnutrition, poverty, unemployment, disease, climate change, low agricultural productivity, degraded ecosystems and social inequity, among the notable challenges particularly facing Africa.

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CoP21 and what is at stake for Africa: reconsidering approaches

In less than 100 days, the world is expected to agree upon a new climate protocol which will succeed the Kyoto protocol and govern the global climate regime post 2020. In investigating Africa’s stake in this global compact, the continent’s priorities within the context of available developmental and negotiating mechanisms should be considered given the vulnerability of this region to climate change impacts.

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Africa’s Historic Moment: The birth of a Pan-African Food Security Assembly

The ills facing Africa today, including low agricultural productivity under a changing climate to Africa’s socio-economic growth, are widely documented. A consequence of low agricultural productivity, Africa spends more than US$ 35 billion annually on food imports, while food worth up to US$ 48 billion is lost annually in the postharvest and a further 6.6 million tonnes of potential grain harvest – enough to meet annual calorific needs of approximately 30 million people – is written off as productivity loss due to degraded ecosystems.