After 1994 efforts were made to embed democracy. The focus was on policy and institution-building. What was missing was ensuring all South Africans were on board.
South Africa has many problems. But, as Jacob Zuma has found out, the strength of its rule of law and the independence of its judiciary should not be underestimated.
Tanzania’s new president seems to be steering the country back towards democracy, but consolidating power won’t be easy.
Digital media shutdowns in Africa will lead to higher economic costs and greater public outrage.
There may be significant limitations to the political reform that can be realised by new president Samia Suluhu Hassan.
Tanzanian President Samia Suluhu Hassan has been described as compassionate, rational and calm – attributes that are a far departure from her former boss.
The president leaves behind a legacy of extremes, on the one hand, a leader who wanted to create a better country for his people, and on the other, a ruthless authoritarian.
Museveni’s attempt to gain support in urban areas in the 2021 elections was not only about repression. But it still failed.
President John Magufuli won a second term by a contested landslide and looks set to take even greater control of Tanzania’s democratic space.