Magufuli took a populist approach in trying to woo voters away from an invigorated opposition, and when that didn't work he reported to oppressive tactics.
A safe, effective COVID-19 vaccine is expected to be developed in record time and may be approved for production, distribution and acceptance some time in 2021.
A failure to link current and past electoral problems is leading the country down a democratic dead end.
His COVID-19 response has thrown the negative aspects of his presidency into sharp relief.
He's a brooding, taciturn figure, who has dominated Eritrean politics since the 1970s, and there are few signs of an effective challenge to his rule.