Governments coming to power riding a wave of youth protests can employ authoritarian tactics to silence dissent from the same movements.
While there are legitimate political and economic headwinds, there are also reasons for optimism.
An uncomfortable reality is that looting is perceived by the looters to be socially acceptable and is often encouraged and endorsed within social and community networks.
Can Africa avoid getting sucked into the 21st-century contest, or should it also reach for the stars?
The Ethiopian premier is manipulating ethnic rivalries to shift the agenda from democratic reform to authoritarianism.